In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In Vitro Fertilization (In-Vitro meaning “in glass”) is a complex technique where an egg is fertilized in a laboratory, and three to five days later it is transferred to the uterus with a catheter.

The sperm used has been subjected to the ICSI / PICSI procedure to ensure its suitability for in vitro fertilization and can be performed by the traditional method or by intracytoplasmic injection (ICSI). This IVF service is recommended for couples who have had several rounds of IVF without success, people with obstruction or absence of fallopian tubes, or people with endometriosis.

Anblocks that an embryo can attach to the wall of the uterus, have to come out of its outer protective layer. Assisted incubation is a complementary technique to IVF / ICSI, where a small hole is opened in the embryonic membrane to weaken it, improving the chances that the embryo will hatch and result in fewer failed implants.

How can In Vitro Fertilization help?

This technique is recommended when couples have:

  • Ovulation Problems
  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis
  • Low sperm quality
  • Advanced maternal age
  • Same-sex couples

What is ICSI?

ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) is a procedure that began to be developed in Belgium in 1992, in which a spermatozoon is injected with a microneedle into the egg.

It is a process that allows couples with male infertility cases to be candidates for In Vitro Fertilization without the need to use a semen donor.

Unlike conventional in vitro fertilization (where the sperm are incubated with the ovule for fertilization), ICSI is forced to fertilize by sperm injection. The sperm to be introduced into the egg will be chosen by a biologist experienced through observation or through the PICSI technique which helps the selection of mature spermatozoa.

When is it recommended?

  • When the man has a low concentration of sperm.
  • When there is no sperm in the semen (azoospermia).
  • When the spermatozoa present problems of mobility (asthenozoospermia), or morphology of the sperm (teratozoospermia).
  • When spermatozoa have a high degree of DNA Fragmentation.
  • When men have a vasectomy.